68-year-old to return to office after previously leading nation from 2010 to 2014
Supporters of Chilean presidential candidate Sebastian Pinera celebrate his victory in Santiago, on December 17, 2017, after the results based on a count of 92 percent of the ballots were announced and his rival conceded defeat.
Santiago: Billionaire Sebastian Pinera will return to power as Chile’s president next year, according to near-complete results from a runoff election held Sunday.
Electoral authorities said the 68-year-old conservative, who previously led the South American nation from 2010-2014, had 55 per cent of the vote with 98 per cent of ballots counted.
His leftist rival Alejandro Guillier, a 64-year-old TV presenter turned senator who ran as an independent backed by outgoing centre-left President Michelle Bachelet, recognized his own “tough defeat” after receiving 45 per cent.
Pinera will lead the South American nation — the world’s top copper producer — for four years starting in March.
He will once again take over from Bachelet, who was barred by the constitution from running for re-election.
Bachelet and Pinera have tag-teamed the presidency since Bachelet first took office in 2006. Since then, they have alternated in power, switching Chile’s politics between centre-left and centre-right each time.
Pinera supporters were gathered outside his election headquarters in anticipation of his victory speech.
The outcome of the runoff had been far from certain after Pinera scored a much lower than expected 37 per cent in the first round of the election held November 19.
Analysts had speculated that Guillier could bolster his 22 per cent from that round by getting votes from other leftist candidates who were defeated.
But in the end, most voters appeared to come down in favour of the experience of Pinera, who is worth some $2.7 billion and painted himself as a safe pair of hands for Latin America’s fifth-biggest economy.
Voting had taken place under a sombre cloud Sunday, following the deaths of five people and the disappearance of 18 more in a mudslide in the country’s south.
Both candidates had projected confidence, with Pinera stating as he cast his ballot: “I have the firm conviction that we are going to win these elections and that better times are going to come for all Chilean households.”
With no recent reliable voter surveys in the weeks before Sunday’s runoff, however, the outcome had been seen as wide open.
Marco Moreno, of Central University, had called it “the most uncertain election since the return of democracy” after the end of Augusto Pinochet’s dictatorship in 1990.
Although copper exports, which contribute greatly to Chile’s wealth, are increasing thanks to demand from China and from the burgeoning manufacture of electric cars, the country is struggling relative to previous years.
Its GDP is forecast to expand a modest 1.4 per cent this year, the slowest pace in eight years. Forecasts suggest it will grow 2.8 per cent next year.
Pinera and Guillier also promised to expand free university tuition brought in under Bachelet — a measure with historical resonance in Chile because paid tuition was introduced under Pinochet’s 1973-1990 rule.
For Pinera, the vow was a U-turn, contradicting an earlier statement he had made that “free things mean less commitment.”